Utility and Benefits of Water in Andalusi Law. Criteria for its Proportional, Balanced Allocation and Distribution (8th and 9th Centuries)

Magdalena Martínez Almira

Veröffentlicht in: Volume 7 (2018)
Jahr: 2018
Shortlink: www.edition-topoi.org/articles/details/1425
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Abstract

Interest in the analysis of the legislation governing water use and distribution in al-Andalus is evident among scholars due to two facts: the coexistence of different legal systems and the implementation of a casuistic system of law. It deals with concepts such as responsibility and participation in water management and the conservation of water. This research is an analysis focused on justifying the roots of the Andalusi irrigation system that were grounded in Mudejar legal sources, which themselves were based on the Andalusi and Arabic sources applied in al-Andalus during the 8–17th centuries and beyond. The explanation of the irrigation system methodology concerns the migration from different territories, which allowed the implementation of new hydraulic facilities and, as a result, a new system of distribution and rational utilisation of water. Now is the right time to explain the contents of the water law enforced in the Iberian Peninsula over the centuries, thanks to the knowledge of case law from the Syrians, Egyptians, Tunisians of Qayrawan, and kadis of Ceuta whom were considered technicians in terms of hisba; a matter directly linked with water supply.

Autoren

Magdalena Martínez Almira

Maria Magdalena Martínez Almir ist Professorin für Rechtsgeschichte an der Universität Alicante in Spanien und Mitglied in mehreren Forschungsprojekten. Sie ist auch Betreuerin und Dissertationsleiterin für Doktoranden mit dem Schwerpunkt effizientes Wassermanagement. Der Schwerpunkt ihrer Forschung liegt auf den Quellen und Institutionen des al-Andalus islamischen Rechtssystems, dem Rechtsstatus der Muslime im 8. bis 17. Jahrhundert und dem Wasserrecht. Martínez ist Mitglied der International Society for Islamic Legal Studies (ISILS), der International Commission for the History of Representative and Parliamentary Institutions, des Instituto Internacional de Historia del Derecho Indiano, der Societé d’Histoire du Droit (SHD), der Asociación Española de Medievalistas (AEM) und der Sociedad Española de Estudios Árabes (SEEA). Sie promovierte 1995 und 2016 in Alicante.


Citation

Magdalena Martínez Almira, "Utility and Benefits of Water in Andalusi Law. Criteria for its Proportional, Balanced Allocation and Distribution (8th and 9th Centuries)", in: eTopoi. Journal for Ancient Studies, Volume 7 (2018) (2018), 33–63
BibTeX
@article{Martínez Almira2018,
  author = {Magdalena Martínez Almira},
  title = {Utility and Benefits of Water in Andalusi Law. Criteria for its Proportional, Balanced Allocation and Distribution (8th and 9th Centuries)},
  journaltitle = {eTopoi. Journal for Ancient Studies},
  journalshorttitle = {eTopoi},
  pages = {33-63},
  series = {Berlin Studies of the Ancient World},
  volume = {7},
  date = {2018},
  publisher = {Exzellenzcluster 264 Topoi},
  location = {Berlin},
  keywords = { "al-Andalus", "common responsibility", "irrigation shift", "irrigators", "Utility; water regime (al-ah kām al mi’āh)", "water scarcity"},
  url = {http://www.edition-topoi.org/articles/details/1425},
  urldate = {2019-10-21},
  doi = {10.17171/4-7-2},
}